Once upon a time, a long, long time ago, between the years 3101 B.C.E. – 3102 B.C.E., in the aftermath of the Mahabharata War, as the legend goes, a powerful gem, the Kaustumbha gem, was handed down from the Lord Shiva to Saints, down the line to the father of the avatara of the Lord, Krishna, to him. He had it installed in the temple in Dwaraka, the Capital city of Krishna’s clan the Vrishnis.
As destiny would have its course, 36 Years after the great battle of the Bharatas, due to the curse of Gandhari and the curse of the Brahmanas, Dwaraka was to be inundated by the ocean. Thus Krishna instructed his servant Uddhava to take the gem and transfer it to Indraprastha, the Capital city of the Pandavas. At that time Krishna took his leave of the Vrishnis and sojourned to the peak of the Himalayas to enter into Heaven. He was accidentally shot and mortally wounded by a hunter named Jara. As Krishna had been given 8 boons by Shiva and 8 by Parvati along with the boon of unconquerablity he could only be defeated in battle by the Lord Shiva himself. Jara was an avatara of the great Lord.
Krishna was pierced by the hunter’s arrow from root to crown. Upon seeing his sin the hunter duly propitiated the Lord in worship for forgiveness. Unfortunately, Arjuna the third of the five Pandava brothers was unable to receive the jewel before the city was inundated and it entered into the ocean. It circumambulated the Earth once guided by the wind and the Lord Shiva and came to rest in an ocean city in Kerala.
A priest of the Lord Shiva found the gem and was instructed to install the gem in the little known Temple at Guruvayur where it remained unbeknownst to the people of the city.
In 1560 A.D. a Brahmana named Melpathur Battiri was born. In the year 1587 A.D. he had fallen sick and worshipped the Lord in the temple at Guruvayur, as he had been instructed by his spiritual teacher to compose a scripture to the Lord Narayana to cure his illness. He composed 10 verses a day in the temple, and on the hundredth day he finished the last 0f the 1036 verses, and was restored to health.
In the scripture Melpathur says he obtained a vision of the Lord upon completion of the work. In the first and last Cantos he advises us to search the figure in the Temple carefully, in it he says you will still find the reflection of the Lord there. The secret in the scripture is that one who studies the figure will find the Kaustumbha jewel, the gem once a possession of the Lord Krishna himself, handed down by successive generations from the Lord, which once reflected the image of the Lord, in it one will see the Past, the Present and the Future and the emanations of the Lord everywhere and in everything.
Between 1560 A.D. and 1700 A.D. India, with her sacred traditions, eventually fell in waves of conquest to the Moslem Moghuls from Iran, the Dutch, the French, and the Portuguese and finally was conquered in the third Anglo-Maratha War. Fearing conquest, religious artifacts dating back over 5000 years to the actual Mahabharata War were hidden away in temples across India (proving that the story happened). The conquest of India is dated by the birth and death of the Brahmana Melpathur Narayana Battiri. (1560 A.D. to 1668 A.D.).